上海市2018年八年级英语上学期期末试卷合集10套word文档含答案 下载本文

A. a bit; a bit of B. a bit of; a bit of C. a bit; a bit D. a bit of; a bit

26. — Why didn’t you accept my plan of the party?

— I’m so sorry, but someone else has ______ us a better one. A. provided

B. offered

C. gave

D. made

27. — Who do you think we can talk with ______ a final decision about such a matter?

— No one. You’d better make it yourself. A. make

B. making

C. to make

D. to be making

28. — Is Peter coming?

— No, he ______ his mind after a phone call at the last minute. A. changed

B. changes

C. was changing

D. is changing

29. Which of the following has the same sentence structure with “He bought his son a toy ship.”? A. He felt tired after the long walk.

C. The bad news made him unhappy.

B. He cleans his room every day.

D. He sent me a Christmas card.

30. — Hi, Jack. I can’t go to Taiwan to see you during the Spring Festival. — Oh, ______ I’ll miss you very much. A. and you?

B. dear!

C. what a shame!

D. no problem.

三、完形填空 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

请先通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

If you really want to get to know someone, travel with them. When I 31 to travel with my friends for a long time, I make a call to some people who have already traveled with friends for 32 on how to keep sensible (理性).

When you’re traveling with friends, the topic of money will surely come up. It’s a good idea to talk about the cost 33 buying the tickets. You need to work out how much the trip costs. Talking about this early will make sure that no plan is taken by surprise. When traveling in a group, a lot of 34 can be wasted (浪费) trying to work out what to do when you get there — if this hasn’t been 35 ahead of time. Samantha suggests (建议) asking everyone to write down what they’d like to get on the trip. She said, “This 36 will let everyone feel their wishes have been heard, and it’ll be more possible for them to enjoy others’ ideas.”

If you’ll be traveling in a group with friends, it can be 37 to keep everyone active. Wade suggests choosing one person to be the group leader for the trip to 38 the argument (争议).

Aljolynn Sperber, who recently spent five days traveling around London with her best friend and her best friend’s family, suggests everyone 39 some free time every day.

If you do decide to go out 40 , Pryatel suggests using a communication APP like WeChat, to keep in touch. “It lets you send your location and communicate well,” she said. 31. A. have 32. A. joy 33. A. when

B. begin

C. fail

D. come

B. information

B. before B. money B. used B. list

C. support

D. advice

D. if D. fun

D. described D. way

C. after C. time

34. A. energy

35. A. discussed 36. A. plan

C. repeated C. idea

37. A. helpless 38. A. check 39. A. spending 40. A. alone

B. natural B. change B. sharing B. late

C. hard D. easy

C. accept C. having

C. early

D. decide D. taking

D. far

四、阅读理解 (共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)

请认真阅读下列短文,然后从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

George knocked on the door of his friend’s house. When his friend’s mother answered, he asked, “Can Albert come to play with me?” “No,” said the mother, “it’s too cold.” “Well,” said George, “Can his football come out to play?” Nancy: I saw seven girls in one umbrella and none of them got wet at the school gate. Taney: Oh, that must be a very big umbrella. Nancy: Don’t you see the big sun in the sky? A Sunday school teacher was telling her students the importance of making others glad, “Now, children,” said she, “Do you ever make someone glad?” “Please, teacher,” said a small boy, “I made someone glad yesterday.” “Great. Who was that?” “My granny.” “Good boy. Now tell us how you made your grandmother glad.” “I went to see her yesterday, and stayed with her for three hours. Then I said to her, ‘Granny, I’m going home,’ and she said, ‘Well, I’m glad!’” Mother: Mary, why do you cry and shout so much? Play quietly like Eddie. See, he doesn’t make a sound. Mary: Of course he doesn’t. Mom, it’s a game we are playing. He is Daddy coming home late, and I’m you. 41. The four passages are all ______. A. jokes

B. ads

C. news

D. stories

42. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. George wanted to play football with Albert. B. The small boy made his granny happy by going home.

C. The seven girls didn’t get wet because it wasn’t raining at all. D. Daddy came home quietly because he didn’t want Mom knew he was late.

B

As winter draws near, many of the cold-blooded animals hibernate till spring comes. And everybody knows they will be awake months later, crawling and walking around and looking for food.

But do you also know that some animals go to a summer sleep, which is called aestivation? Most animals are active during the summer, singing and dancing freely. The aestivation animals, however, will have a long sleep in a cool place to stay away from the dry and hot summer days.

In Southeast Africa there is a kind of porcupine (豪猪). Its body is covered with sharp stings. This creature usually eats earthworms as its main food. As the hot days come, the earthworms go deep under the mud to keep themselves alive. During this time the porcupine can’t find any to live on, so it lies down to aestivate for months without eating. It comes out again when the cool autumn days arrive.

An unusual kind of tree frog in South Africa will climb up a tree during the summer. Here it hides itself in a cool place to have its summer sleep.

The most interesting thing about the aestivating animal is that while it sleeps, its body temperature drops just as the hibernating animal’s body temperature drops in winter. 43. Why do porcupines aestivate?

A. Because they are not active animals. B. Because the weather is too hot and dry.

C. Because they have nothing to eat during the summer. D. Because their body temperature is not high enough. 44. When does the porcupine start and end its aestivation?

A. It starts in January and ends in March. B. It starts in March and ends in April.

C. It starts in August and ends in October.

D. It starts in November and ends in February the next year. 45. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Hibernating animals are active in summer.

B. Porcupines in Southeast Africa live mainly on earthworms.

C. One kind of tree frogs in South Africa sleeps inside trees in summer.

D. The body temperature of an aestivation animal in summer is as low as that in winter. 46. What does the underlined word “hibernate” mean in Chinese? A. 觅食

B. 冬眠

C. 蜗居

C

A few weeks ago, I went into Chase’s class for help. I e-mailed Chase’s teacher one evening and said, “My son keeps telling me that the thing you’re sending home is Maths — but I’m not sure whether I should believe him. Help, please.” She e-mailed right back and said, “No problem! I can help Chase after school anytime.” And I said, “No, not him. Me. He gets it. Help me.”

And that’s why I stayed with Chase’s Maths teacher. We talked about teaching children. We agreed that subjects like Maths and reading are not the most important things that are learned in a classroom. We also talked about something else — kindness and bravery.

And then she told me this.

Every Friday afternoon Chase’s teacher asks her students to take out a piece of paper and write down the names of four children with whom they’d like to sit the following week. She also asks the students to nominate (推荐) one student who they think is the most popular student that week. They needn’t write down their names on the paper.

After the students go home, she takes out those pieces of paper, and studies them.

In fact, Chase’s teacher is not looking for a new seating chart (表) or “popular students”. She is looking for lonely (孤独的) children. She’s looking for the ones who are unwilling to talk with others. She is finding out whose gifts (天赋) are not noticed by their classmates. Then she gets to know who needs help.

After watching Columbine the wise woman knew that all violence (暴力) comes from loneliness. So she decided to start fighting violence early and often, and what she is doing is SAVING LIVES.

And she finds the lonely kids from those lists and tries to help them. It’s Maths to her. All is love — even Maths.

47. Why does Chase’s teacher ask her students to write down some names on paper? A. Because she wants to find the lonely children.

D. 隐藏

B. Because she is looking for a new seating chart. C. Because she is looking for the popular student. D. Because she wants to help her students learn Maths. 48. Which of the following is the correct order?

a. Chase’s teacher asks her students write down some names they want to sit with. b. Chase’s teacher learns from the TV violence comes from loneliness. c. Chase’s parent emails the teacher for help. d. Chase’s teacher studies the lists after school. e. Chase’s teacher finds who needs help. A. c-a-d-e-b

B. b-a-c-e-d

C. b-a-d-e-c

D. a-b-d-c-e

49. What do you know about the teacher? A. She’s a good mother.

B. She’s kind and full of love. D. She’s ready to help the parents.

C. She’s good at teaching Maths.

50. What’s the best title for the passage? A. Looking for Help

C. Teaching Children

B. Learning Maths

D. Looking for the Lonely

五、词汇检测 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

根据下列句子所给的首字母或汉语注释或通过上下文,在答题卡标有题号的横线上,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。每空只写一词。

51. Who can c ▲ from one to one hundred in English? 52. When we go on v ▲ , we should know dos and don’ts. 53. Listen! There’s someone ▲ (踢) the door.

54. A language is a bridge between different ▲ (文化). 55. Many things in ▲ (日常的) use are made out of plastic. 56. ▲ (渔民) stopped fishing because of the storm yesterday.

57. It was his first time to take a plane, so he felt very ▲ (紧张). 58. — What’s the meaning of “fall” in this sentence?

— Autumn. In ▲ English, we usually say “fall” instead of autumn. 59. — What’s the weather like in your hometown in winter? — It’s very cold. It snows all ▲ the winter.

60. — Children, take care of ▲ while visiting Shanghai Disney Resort. — We will. Thank you, mum.

六、句子翻译 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)