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the subject. He means anyone or one, those. 凡是......的人
He who(引导表语从句) hesitates is lost/a loser. 迟疑着将丧失良机 I’m new here, I’ve just got lost. 走失，迷路. He who …+单数动词 “凡是…的人….” = one who.. = those who +复数动词
Eg：He（/anyone/one/anybody）who works hard will be successful. Those who work hard will be successful. hesitates to … 做…犹豫不决
If you have question, don’t hesitate to ask me.
I was lost in that music. ＂沉醉于＂ = be absorbed in one's work Don’t talk to Morris now, he is lost/absorbed in his work.
daisy is a very beautiful little flower. but remember, if you talking about the flower, then we do not capitalized \
Probably they are on vacation there.
I’m sorry, Peter. I don't know what vacation means.
In my dictionary, there is no such word as vacation. this means that I work all day/day and night for Peter.
While (I was) on vacation last year, I visited France and Italy. 度假
have a good time (省in) doing something in介词后只能跟动名词，即使in省 have a good time +动名词 He always has a good time in(in可省) camping.
I had a good time dancing last night. Bruce always has a good time working for me. have difficulty, have a hard time. Forigners ~ learing how to write Chinese characters. Chinese characters “中国字” 不说 Chinese words But Bruce can write at least one word, that is 一.
have a good time =have fun I had a lot of(/ lots of ) fun/a good time/a great time dancing yesterday.
how many kids/children do you have?--I have two kids, same as you. n.小孩子，小山羊 Mr. Wang who lives next to me has three ears ! come on ! you must be kidding (me) ! are you kidding (me)? v.
The artist will put on /hold an exhibit next month.
put on/hold a concert/ an exhibit 娱乐性、文教性 hold a meeting The artist will put on/hold an exhibit next month. House cleaning is Peter’s favorite pastime/activity.
fantastic= wonderful, great, awesome, terrific (cool for the young) aweful = terrible 糟 Mozart’s music is fantastic. What do you think of that movie? It was terrific! Biking along the banks could be/can be/must be/is fun. 可能性?大 I bike/ bicycle/cycle on weekends. n. v.
Learning English is fun. fun n.好玩(=a good time) adj.有趣的 与funny滑稽的 含义不同 fun man, funny man Bruce is fun, Peter looks funny. He is a fun man to be with.
\you say that's a lot of fun. But if something makes you laugh, then we say it's funny.
Make fan of嘲笑 The students made fun of the new kid of class. Don't make fun of people. It sounds like a great idea/sounds like a great idea/ sounds like great/ sounds great. I’m going to use a different verb of sense: Tastes like garbage.--Peter’s cooking.
He picked up the garbage and threw it into the garbage can. --Let’s go see a movie tonight. --Sounds great
have 做“有” 无进行时态 Eg：I have a car. I have time. 即，无法说＂正在＂的词，无进行时态 I love you. Thanks for listening, see you next time.
5. Bungee Jumping p.26
Bungee jumping looks like fun. It makes me nervous just to watch someone do it. It certainly takes a lot of guts (/courage) to jump one thousand feet above the water with only a rope tied to your legs. It scares me just to think about it. However, it is something I really want to do one day.
Some people think I'm crazy(/ a lunatic). They say to jump (/jumping) is foolish enough, but to have(/having) to pay for it is madness. I don't agree. For me, to live a short and exciting life is far better than to live a long and boring one. What do you think?
On this page we have a new lesson, lesson five, and we have a picture here. This picture describes a person, and this person, or rather this is not a person, but an animal, but looks very familiar to me. What is it? -- it's wild Bruce, oh..., wild boar. wild boar 野猪
This is not the case with Bruce. He would think that Bungee jumping is something that we should do. so, tell us some history about this activity. I think if I remember correctly, it originated in that country New Zealand.
That's right, it originated in New Zealand. To originate simply means to start someplace, to start somewhere. New Zealand is an island nation in the south Pacific, is an English speaking country, and it's not very big in population, but some of the people there are really like to have an exciting fun time. so, they had the idea that you could jump from a bridge or jump from a tall building with a rope tied to your leg. Just as we see here in the picture, there is a rope tied to one of the wild boar's four legs, and that rope will stop you from hitting the ground. Paper originated in China. 起源于
have the guts(口语)/courage to be. 有做…的勇气／胆量． looks like fun looks/sounds/tastes/smells good (vi.+adj.).
looks /tastes /sounds like(prep.)+n 感官不及物动词后不接名词, 但+like+n. “象” looks like fun, tastes like fish
感观动词vt. 加宾语后，后可直接接动词原形做宾补，表事实。 看：see, watch,look at(注视) 听：hear, listion to 感觉：feel 1)vt.+宾+宾补(动原) 强调确有事情发生，表进行时态 2)vt.+宾+宾补(现在分词) 强调事情正在发生 3)vt.+宾+宾补(过去分词) 强调被动的状态 I heard him sing. I feel him touch my hand.
I hear him singing. I watch him doing it. +现在分词做宾补表正在做的动作。 guts (口语) = courage do not have the guts to +原形动词 Eg：Bill does not have the guts to ask Mary out for a date.
appointment--for teachers or doctors or dentists
I’d like to have an appointment with you, doctor, I hope I can see you at 7 tomorrow morning, will you be available then?
be tied to = be bound (bind的过去分词) to 被...绑在
That poor dog is tied/ bound to the fence, he can not run. I hate his guts.恨他（口语用法，难听，慎用）
scare sb. to death 把某人吓的要死． He scared me to death.
be scared of = be frightened/afraid of Peter is scared of mirror/ snakes. He looked into the mirror and found that he looked much older. 照镜子 She is frightened of cockroaches. cockroach或corch 蟑螂
I fear him= I’m afraid/ frightened of him. I frighten him-- you make him afraid. When Bruce appeared at midnight, I was frightened./He frightened me. get somewhere 有出息 get nowhere 没出息
If you work hard, you get somewhere someday/one day.
get somewhere 有出息 get nowhere 没出息 someday未来one day可表过去也可表未来 One day I met John somewhere in that city. one day也可表过去 lunatic n.adj疯子 luna 月亮(拉丁文)
People used to think and some people still think that the moon will influence us and they used to think that the moon made people go crazy.—When the moon is full, don’t go out. wolfman
I agree with you on this point, but I disagree with you on that point.
agreeable 相处容易的，也可以指天气: I like Mary because of her agreeable personality. This means I like Mary, because she's a very friendly and helpful and thoughtful person. She is very agreeable/She has an agreeable personality/She’s an agreeable person. The weather is agreeable/ pleasant today. so, Let’s go biking. live/lead + a/an +a. life 过着…生活 The famous sight lives/leads a simple life.
boring a.令人厌烦的，无聊的（指事） So boring 真无聊 boring day be bored with a.感到厌烦的（指人）
=be fed up with =be sick of =be tired of “受够了” “对…感厌烦” What do you think? 你认为呢？
6. Nothing Ventured, Nothing Gained p.35
Lisa and Bill are talking about their future. L: What's your goal in life, Bill?
B: (省My goal in life is)To fly in the sky and feel as free as a bird. L: That's easy.
B: What do you mean? L: Go bungee jumping.
B: You mush be kidding (省me) (/ joking）. It's too dangerous. L: Well, nothing ventured, nothing gained.
And the last line happens to be the title of this dialogue. \Now please tell us something about this saying. First of all, please paraphrase this and then later on if it's possible, try to analyze the structure of this particular saying.
--Ok, first, let's talk about the meaning of \to do things in our lives, we can not learn about life or about ourselves. some people are afraid to try anything new, and they know how to do what they already know how to do, but they can not learn something new. some new things may hurt us, but some new things may help us too. Growing up is a learning experience. so we often encourage our friends to try something, find out about it. is it right for you? Is it suitable for you? you will never know if you don't try it. so, nothing ventured, if you don't try anything, nothing gained, you won't learn anything. so, you can not gain any new ideas or experience. If nothing is ventured, nothing will be gained. You must have the guts to try something new. He doesn’t have the guts to do something..
Now, we have this word \d tell us how to use this word “guts”.
guts, 肠子，that's the original [??r?d??n?l] meaning of this. but we also mean \we say \or afraid to try something. If someone has no guts, then he has no courage. If you have no courage, then you are a coward.
coward n. cowardly adj. He is a coward. He is cowardly. he doesn't have the guts/ courage (/ he has no guts) to do sth. Courage is a noncount noun. (uncountable noun/ uncount noun).
pluck up one's courage to do sth. 鼓起勇气means to make yourself feel brave even thought you might really feel cowardly. muster up one's courage
Mark finally plucked up his courage and asked Pearl for a date. pearl珍珠 Pearl女人名 ...but if you talking about the beautiful stone we find in the shell, then it is not capitalized. future a. What’s your future plan? n. What’s your plan for your future? -- Well, I'll eat more and sleep more.
If you don’t work hard, you never be able to carve out a bright future. carve out 雕刻出,开创出
Eg: By going to school and studying hard, Sam carved out a good career for himself.
attain/reach/fulfill one's goal He attained/got/made a fortune by writing beautiful songs. Peter desires to be a musician. --Well, Peter, stop goofing around. To attain your goal, you have to study hard.
We can also use “reach one’s goal”. Sara reached her goal by graduating with a master’s degree.
Everybody should have a goal in life.
My purpose/plan is to see Mary. My plan is to learn English better one day. 未实现的愿望、目标后主补要用不定式。
I feel happy whenever I see you Bruce.--That’s the first time you ever said that, Peter. His words implied that Peter is mean/ sly/ bad.
As...as... Bruce feels as strong as a bull, Peter looks as large as a bull. Bruce is not as handsome as Peter.
We have another ‘as...as...’expression which our students should know. Peter and I are as busy as bees.
That’s easy. easy adj.
take it easy 放松点ad. --Don’t worry. Don’t be nervous. Don’t be unhappy. We can also use \：easy come, easy go.
Well, Let’s talking about me and money. It's easy for me to make money and it's just as easy for me to spend the money. I can't seem to save any money. What do you mean by laughing at me?
What do you mean by calling me at midnight? -- I just want to say hello.
Well, I'm afraid, I can't do it. you know, I'm very cowardly. --Well, nothing ventured, nothing gained.
Ever since Sam lived on his own, he has felt as free as a bird.
山姆自从独立生活以来觉得自由极了． 感官动词+adj.-->主语补足语 To fly in the sky and feel as free as a bird.象鸟儿一样在天气自由翱翔。 feel +a.(主补) go +doing 从事某种短暂的活动 go shopping go fishing
7. Doctor Death p.39
Whether very sick people should be helped to end their own lives is a question many people cannot answer. However, Dr. Kevorkian is an exception. That he has done this more than twenty times is known to everyone. Some say（省that）what he is doing is immoral. They call him Doctor Death. Others say what he is doing is merciful. They call it mercy killing.
Whether Dr. Kevorkian should be allowed to continue doing this is a real problem for the government. There seem to be two sides to the argument（/ It seems that there are two…）. Which side are you on?
Are we talking here or do we have any purpose on the air? --We are trying to teach our students how to read and understand by listening these English lessons.
--So, we are not simply chatting. In fact, we do have a plan over here, that is we want to acquaint our students with more of English.--Our plan is to teach English. It sounds spooky. –It certainly does.
spooky 幽灵般的 This article sounds a little spooky.
In the United States, Halloween is a spooky night. Halloween 万圣节
Following is an article that has a title here \but we'll find out about this. So, we'd like to have Bruce read this article for us first. I helped Mother to(通常省to) wash/do the dishes last night.
do the laundry(不用wash) laundry means your dirty clothing. So, if you wash your dirty clothes, we can say you'll do your laundry. end one’s own life 结束某人的生命 v. n.
to end one's own life = to put an end to one's own life
When the movie came to an end/(=ended), many people were crying. come to an end结束 Every rule has its exception. = There is an exception to every rule. with the exception of .... 除…之外=except