新理念网络学习大厅综合测试第四册 Unit5 下载本文

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A) T B) F

Script: Lenny was so confident that he was willing to meet the challenge and promised the swim.

正确答案: B 6.

A) T B) F

Script: Burton was aware that Lenny would be drowned, so he never planned to offer Lenny a job.

正确答案: A 7.

A) T B) F

Script: According to Text B, when the poor Mike begged her, the author pretended to have no money to ignore his existence.

正确答案: A 8.

A) T B) F

Script: Although she suffered from the pain in her leg, the author still smelt alcohol on Mike’s breath.

正确答案: B 9.

A) T B) F

Script: Mike was so generous that he took out his only change for the author to take the bus.

正确答案: A 10.

A) T B) F

Script: The author felt regretful for her prejudice against those beggars who were forced to beg.

正确答案: A

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

A lady in a (11)_________________ gingham dress and her husband, dressed in a homespun threadbare suit, stepped off the train in Boston, and walked (12)_________________ without an (13)_________________ into the president of Harvard’s outer office. For hours, the secretary (14)_________________ them, hoping that the couple would finally become discouraged and go away. They didn’t. And the secretary grew (15)_________________ and finally decided to disturb the president. “Maybe if they just see you for a few minutes, they’ll leave,” she told him. The president, stern-faced with (16)_________________ strutted toward the couple .The lady told him, “We had a son that attended Harvard for one year. He loved Harvard, and was very happy here. But he was (17)_________________ killed. And my husband and I would like to (18)_________________ to him somewhere on campus.” The president wasn’t touched, and he was shocked, “Madam,” he said gruffly, “we can’t put up a statue for every person who attended Harvard and died, this place would look like a cemetery.”

“Oh, no,” the lady explained quickly, “we don’t want to erect a statue. We thought we would (19)_________________ to Harvard.” The president rolled his eyes. He glanced at the gingham dress and homespun suit, and then exclaimed, “A building! Do you have an earthly idea how much a building costs? We have over seven and a half million dollars in the physical plant at Harvard.”

Mr. and Mrs. Leland Stanford walked away, traveling to Palo Alto, California where they established the university that (20)_________________ — a memorial to a son that Harvard no longer cared about.

Script: A lady in a faded gingham dress and her husband, dressed in a homespun threadbare suit, stepped off the train in Boston, and walked timidly without an appointment into the president of Harvard’s outer office. For hours, the secretary ignored them, hoping that the couple would finally become discouraged and go away. They didn’t. And the secretary grew frustrated and finally decided to disturb the president. “Maybe if they just see you for a few minutes, they’ll leave,” she told him. The president, stern-faced with dignity, strutted toward the couple .The lady told him, “We had a son that attended Harvard for one year. He loved Harvard, and was very happy here. But he was accidentally killed. And my husband and I would like to erect a memorial to him somewhere on campus. ” The president wasn’t touched, and he was shocked, “Madam,” he said gruffly, “we can’t put up a statue for every person who attended Harvard and died, this place would look like a cemetery.”

“Oh, no,” the lady explained quickly, “we don’t want to erect a statue. We thought we would give a building to Harvard.” The president rolled his eyes. He glanced at the gingham dress and homespun suit, and then exclaimed, “A building! Do you have an earthly idea how much a building costs? We have over seven and a half million dollars in the physical plant at Harvard.”

Mr. and Mrs. Leland Stanford walked away, traveling to Palo Alto, California where they established the university that bears their name ― a memorial to a son that Harvard no longer cared about.

正确答案: faded

正确答案: timidly

正确答案: appointment

正确答案: ignored

正确答案: frustrated

正确答案: dignity

正确答案: accidentally

正确答案: erect a memorial

正确答案: give a building

正确答案: bears their name

Part II Reading Comprehension ( 25 minutes )

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with several blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

A) vacancy B) candid C) constitution D) trifle

E) currents F) turned up G) dissipation H) position I) turned down J) candy K) drowned L) offer M) creek N) rubbed O) robbed

21. ______________________

正确答案: F

22. ______________________

正确答案: C

23. ______________________

正确答案: G

24. ______________________

正确答案: E

25. ______________________

正确答案: D

26. ______________________

正确答案: L

27. ______________________

正确答案: K

28. ______________________

正确答案: B

29. ______________________

正确答案: N

30. ______________________

正确答案: A

Section B

Directions: There are several passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice.

Passage One

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

American no longer expect public figures, whether in speech or in writing, to command the English language with skill and gift. Nor do they aspire to such command themselves. In his latest book, Doing Our Own Thing: The Degradation of Language and Music and Why We Should, Like, Care, John McWhorter, a linguist and controversialist of mixed liberal and conservative views, sees the triumph of 1960s counter-culture as responsible for the decline of formal English.

Blaming the permissive 1960s is nothing new, but this is not yet another criticism against the decline in education. Mr. McWhorter’s academic speciality is language history and change, and he sees gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old English.

But the cult of the authentic and the personal, “doing our own thing”, has spelt the death of formal speech, writing, poetry and music. While even the modestly educated sought an elevated tone when they put pen to paper before the 1960s, even the most well regarded writing since then has sought to capture spoken English on the page. Equally, in poetry, the highly personal, performative genre is the only form that could claim real liveliness. In both oral and written English, talking is triumphing over speaking, spontaneity over craft.

Illustrated with an entertaining array of examples from both high and low culture, the trend that Mr. McWhorter documents is unmistakable. But it is less clear, to take the question of his subtitle, “Why We Should Like, Care”. As a linguist, he acknowledges that all varieties of human language, including non-standard ones like Black English, can be powerfully expressive ― there exists no language or dialect in the world that cannot convey complex ideas. He is not arguing, as many do, that we can no longer think straight because we do not talk proper.

Russians have a deep love for their own language and carry large chunks of memorized poetry in their heads, while Italian politicians tend to elaborate speech that would seem old-fashioned to most English-speakers. Mr. McWhorter acknowledges that formal language is not strictly necessary, and proposes no radical education reforms ― he is really grieving over the loss of something beautiful more than useful. We now take our English “on paper plates instead of china”. A shame, perhaps, but probably an inevitable one.