2018年高考英语二轮专题复习能力提升训练:短文改错专题突破练17 下载本文

短文改错专题突破练17

专题突破练第39页 1

(2017广东广州毕业班综合测试一)

Getting rid of the bad habit of procrastination(拖延症) is now my goal in life.My first step was to set small targets what can be reached realistically. For example,I plan to set a timetable for my study. So after school,I will finish my homework in the last place.Additionally,I will make a list of my important task including their due dates but follow my schedule strictly. I will avoid find excuses for putting them off. At same time,I will ask for my friends and parents to help me.By achieving this small targets,I have confident that I will overcome procrastination. 答案 Getting rid of the bad habit of procrastination(拖延症) is now my goal in life.My first step to set small targets

can be reached realistically. For example,I plan to set a

timetable for my study. So after school,I will finish my homework in the

place.Additionally,I will make a list of my important including their due dates

follow my schedule strictly. I will avoid excuses for putting them off. At same

time,I will ask my friends and parents to help me.By achieving small targets,I

that I will overcome procrastination.

① was→is 考查动词的时态。根据上句“Getting rid of the bad habit of procrastination(拖延症)is now my goal in life.”可知,这里陈述的是现在的情况,故此处用一般现在时。

②what→that/which 考查定语从句。分析该句结构可知,该句为定语从句,句中small targets 为先行词,关系词在从句中作主语,故用that或者which。

③last→first 考查语境。根据上句“For example, I plan to set a timetable for my study.”可知,我计划给自己设立一个学习时间表,由此可知,放学后,我首先要完成家庭作业。in the first place 为固定搭配,意为“首先”。

④task→tasks 考查名词的单复数。task为可数名词且根据该句中的“a list of”和“their due dates”可知,该处应用复数形式。

⑤but→and 考查连词。“列出重要的任务”和“严格遵循计划表”这两个动作是并列关系,故用

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and连接。

⑥find→finding 考查非谓语动词。avoid doing sth.为固定用法,意为“避免做某事”。 ⑦At后加the 考查定冠词。at the same time为固定搭配,意为“同时”。

⑧删除for 考查介词。ask sb.to do sth.为固定用法,意为“要求某人做某事”。

⑨this→these 考查代词。根据该句中的复数名词“targets”和上文内容可知,该处应用代词these。

⑩confident→confidence或have→am have 为及物动词,后可直接跟名词作宾语,故用confident的名词形式confidence。也可将have改为am,构成主系表结构“I am confident”。

?导学号33094058?

2

(2017福建福州综合质量检测)

Most people directly link senior high school life with plenty of stress and endless homeworks.However,some interested activities indeed contribute to reduce the pressure.Last week the entertainment department of our Student Union organized the activity in which each class shoot a short movie.Our class chose a story setting in World War Ⅱ,that showed the preciousness of peace. I think this process was a good lesson that taught to me how to strike a balance between studying or relaxation. Now I am determined than ever to treasure everything I have and fight for my future. 答案 Most people directly link senior high school life with plenty of stress and endless

.However,some

activities indeed contribute to

the

pressure.Last week the entertainment department of our Student Union organized activity in

which each class a short movie.Our class chose a story in World War Ⅱ,

showed the preciousness of peace. I think this process was a good lesson that taught me how

to strike a balance between studying relaxation. Now I am determined than ever to

treasure everything I have and fight for my future.

①homeworks→homework 考查名词。homework为不可数名词,没有复数形式。

②interested→interesting 考查形容词。interesting修饰物,意为“有趣的”;根据该句中的名词

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activities可知答案;interested修饰人,意为“感兴趣的”。 ③reduce→reducing 考查非谓语动词。该句中短语“contribute to”中的to为介词,后接动词-ing形式。

④the→an 考查冠词。根据语境可知,该处泛指“一次活动”,故用不定冠词。

⑤shoot→shot 考查动词的时态。根据该句的时间状语“Last week”可知,该句陈述的事情发生在过去,故用一般过去时。

⑥setting→set 考查非谓语动词。a story和set之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,表示“以二战为背景的故事”,故用过去分词作后置定语。

⑦that→which 考查关系代词。分析该句结构可知,该句为非限制性定语从句,关系词指代前面的a story,在从句中作主语,故用which。

⑧删除to 考查固定用法。teach为及物动词,后直接加宾语,不需要接to。teach sb. sth.为固定用法,意为“教某人……”。

⑨or→and 考查连词。该处表示在学习和放松之间取得平衡。between...and...意为“在……和……之间”。

⑩在am后加more 考查比较级。根据该句中的than可知,此处应用比较级。

3

(2017河北石家庄质量检测二)

With the development of science and technology,intelligent robots will be wide used in the future. At home,robots will help people do some housework and taking care of the elderly,babies and patients. In addition to these task,robots will even be able to play the chess and do exercise with people. In factories,robots will be used to perform some dangerous jobs avoid accidents.

Robots will change our future life by many ways,what will make it more colorful and comfortable. Therefore,we shouldn’t depend on intelligent robots too much,for they were made to help humans rather than replace us.As helpers of we humans,robots should be used properly. 答案 With the development of science and technology,intelligent robots will be

used in

the future. At home,robots will help people do some housework and care of the

elderly,babies and patients. In addition to these ,robots will even be able to play chess

and do exercise with people. In factories,robots will be used to perform some dangerous jobs avoid accidents.

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Robots will change our future life many ways, will make it more colorful and

comfortable. ,we shouldn’t depend on intelligent robots too much,for they made

to help humans rather than replace us.As helpers of humans,robots should be used properly.

①wide→widely 考查副词。修饰动词,故用副词。wide也可作副词,意为“充分地”,不符合语境。

②taking→take 考查固定用法。根据该句中的“help people do some housework and”可知,此处应用原形;help sb.(to) do sth.为固定用法。

③task→tasks 考查名词的数。task 为可数名词,根据该词前的these可知,应用复数形式。 ④删除the 考查冠词。play chess 为固定用法,意为“下国际象棋”;棋类名词前不用冠词。 ⑤jobs后加to 考查非谓语动词。在工厂里,机器人将被用于执行危险任务,以避免事故。分析句子结构可知,应用动词不定式表目的。

⑥by→in 考查介词。in many ways意为“在很多方面”。

⑦what→which 考查关系代词。分析该句结构可知,该句为非限制性定语从句,且先行词为ways,故用which引导该定语从句。

⑧Therefore→However 考查副词。上句说,机器人将改变我们未来的生活,使我们的生活多彩而舒适;该句说,我们不能过度依赖智能机器人;据此可知,两句间为转折关系,故用However。

⑨were→are 考查动词的时态。机器人是被用来帮助人类的,而不是来代替人类的。该句陈述的是客观事实,故用一般现在时。

⑩we→us 考查代词。of后接宾语,故用宾格us。

4

(2017安徽合肥第二次教学质检)

Nowadays many people drive instead of taking a bus or walking to work. It causes more traffic jam and accidents. As the student, what can we do to guarantee our safe? First of all,the traffic rules must be strict obeyed.When we cross streets,wait until the traffic light turn green.Next,don’t forget walk on the pavement.Finally,I think it very dangerously to wear headphones while walking or cycling.Since we can’t pay enough attention on the traffic around us,so accidents may happen.Taking good care of ourselves and don’t let our parents worry about us. 答案 Nowadays many people drive instead of taking a bus or walking to work. It causes more traffic

and accidents. As

student,what can we do to guarantee our

? First of

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all,the traffic rules must be obeyed.When we cross streets,wait until the traffic light

green.Next,don’t forget walk on the pavement.Finally,I think it very to

wear headphones while walking or cycling.Since we can’t pay enough attention the traffic

around us, accidents may happen. good care of ourselves and don’t let our parents

worry about us.

①jam→jams 考查名词的单复数。根据语境可知,这里指“引起更多的交通堵塞”,jam作“拥堵,堵塞”讲时,为可数名词,故用复数形式。

②the→a 考查冠词。此处指“作为一个学生”,表示泛指,故用不定冠词。

③safe→safety 考查名词。根据形容词性物主代词our可知,此处应用名词形式。 ④strict→strictly 考查副词。此处应用副词修饰动词。 ⑤turn→turns 考查主谓一致和时态。此处主语为 the traffic light,为单数概念;根据“When we cross streets”可知,应用一般现在时,故用turns。

⑥forget后加to 考查非谓语动词。forget to do sth.为固定用法,意为“忘记去做某事”。

⑦dangerously→dangerous 考查形容词。分析句子结构可知,应用形容词作宾语补足语,修饰it。

⑧on→to 考查固定搭配。pay attention to 为固定搭配,意为“注意……”。 ⑨删除so 考查连词。根据该句中的“Since”可知,逗号后为主句,故删除so。

⑩Taking→Take 考查祈使句。句意:照顾好我们自己,不要让我们的父母为我们担心。根据句意并结合句子结构可知,该句为祈使句,故用动词原形。

5

(2017湖北武汉武昌调研)

Living without an aim is like sailing without compass.If there is no aim in our lives,we will get lose. Last term,I couldn’t accept the truth which I failed in my math examination.I decided to give it up,so I skipped from classes frequently.Considered my case,my teacher offered me several detailed approach and advised me to set a short-term goal to improve my math.Finally,I work harder than ever and made great progress in her math. In my opinion,success lies in a series of goals.However,we should remember to make our targets clearly and spare no effort to realize our dreams. 答案 Living without an aim is like sailing without

compass.If there is no aim in our lives,we

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