历年专升本英语真题(答案解析超全) 下载本文

A. used to living B. using to live C. used to live D. to be used to living 4. She says she’d rather he _______tomorrow instead of today.

A. had felt B. should leave C. left D. leaves

5. Having lost consciousness for twenty hours, the wounded soldier ________ at last.

A. came off B. came to C. came up D. came through

6. Students are required to keep writing a ______for the purpose of improving their writing skills.

A. dairy B. dialogue C. diary D. dictation 7. The weather _______fine, they decided to go out for a picnic.

A. is B. was C. being D. having been

8. _______is so often pointed out, knowledge is a two-edged weapon which can be used to equally for good or evil.

A. Which B. What C. That D. As 9. The factory had to________500 workers after the fire.

A. lay aside B. lay out C. lay off D. lay down

10. Children who are over-protected by their parents may become ________.

A. harmed B. damaged C. hurt D. spoiled

11. It’s not until he was put to prison ______he realize he had broken the law.

A. before B. after C. when D. that

12. It was no good _______to his proposal because he will never change his mind.

A. object B. to object C. objecting D. to have objected 13. The skirt is ______in small, medium and large size.

A. visible B. original C. delicate D. available

14. The boy’s pale face and lack of appetite aroused the teacher’s _________.

A. doubt B. sense C. judgment D. suspicion

15. In some countries, ________is called ―equality‖ does not really mean equal rights for all citizens.

A. which B. that C. what D. one

16. ---―Why didn’t your wife answer my phone last night?‖

---―I think she ______when you called.‖ A. had to have slept B. has to be sleeping C. must sleep D. must have slept

17. Whoever does _______with that fellow is bound to lose money.

A. affairs B. things C. business D. events

18. The ________teacher is praised by her students for her communicative language teaching.

A. respectful B. respectable C. respecting D. respective

19. If a computer could be made as complex as a human brain, it could do _______a man can do.

A. that B. whatever C. whichever D. however

20. It was difficult to understand ________the amount of money allocated for education.

A. them to reduce B. them reducing C. their reducing D. their reducing 21. John hoped the firm would _______him to the New York branch.

A. remove B. transmit C. exchange D. transfer 22. I’ll come after the meeting if time ________.

A. allows B. needs C. requires D. permits

23. Tom might have been killed _______the timely arrival of the police.

A. except for B. with C. but for D. for


24. He bought a new house this year, which is ______his former one.

A. twice as big as B. twice than C. twice as much as D. twice the size as 25.I was informed that the contract would come into _______on the first day of the following month.

A. influence B. effect C. affect D. affection

26. A harmonious society would ______considerable benefits for the country’s health.

A. lead to B. result from C. lie in D. settle down 27. Young ______he was, she was equal to the task.

A. as B. because C. if D. unless

28. Professor Li has neither watched TV nor _____the film for quite a few days.

A. see B. seen C. saw D. watch

29. It is a pity that three paragraphs of my paper were ______by my advisor.

A. deleted B. skimmed C. omitted D. left off

30. The soldier was ________of running away when the enemy attacked.

A. punished B. charged C. scolded D. accused 31. The young girl dares to drive alone at night,_______?

A. doesn’t she B. daren’t she C. isn’t she D. won’t she

32. His sitting room is lined with all kinds of books, _______he has ever read.

A. none of B. of which C. none D. none of which 33. I entered the hall at the ________moment when the concert began.

A. desiring B. accurate C. punctual D. precise

34. The ________of human knowledge of are being pushed further with the advancement of science and technology.

A. edges B. limits C. borders D. boundaries

35. Hydrogen is the fundamental element of the universe ______it provides the building blocks from which the other elements are produced.

A. so that B. but that C. in that D. provided that

36. You would not feel tired this morning if you _______to bed earlier last night.

A. has gone B. went C. had gone D. would have gone 37. It has been raining _________for two days.

A. continuously B. continually C. consciously D. contractively 38. Don’t_______ me _______when you’re giving out the invitations.

A. leave...off B. count…on C. leave…out D. count…up 39. _______a chemical change a new kind of substance is formed.

A. In the case of B. In case C. In case of D. In event of 40. The number of registered participants in this year’s marathon was half________.

A. of last year B. those of last year’s C. of those last year D. that of last year’s 得分 评卷人 Ⅱ. Reading Comprehension (50%)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D .You should decide on the best choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:

Passage One


A man once said how useless it was to put advertisements in the newspapers. ―Last week,‖ he said, my umbrella was stolen from a London church. As it was a present, I spent twice its worth in advertising, but didn’t get it back.

―How did you write your advertisement?‖ asked one of the listeners, a merchant.

―Here it is,‖ said the man, taking out of his pocket a slip cut from a newspaper, The other man took it and read, ―Lost from the City Church last Sunday evening, a black silk umbrella. The gentleman who finds it will receive ten shillings on leaving it at No. 10 Broad Street.‖

―Now,‖ said the merchant, ―I often advertise, and find that it pays me well. But the way in which an advertisement is expressed is of extreme importance. Let us try for your umbrella again, and if it fails, I’ll buy you a new one.‖

The merchant then took a slip of paper out of his pocket and wrote: ―If the man who was seen to take an umbrella from the City Church last Sunday evening doesn’t wish to get into trouble, he will return the umbrella to No.10 Broad Street. He is well known.‖

This appeared in the paper, and on the following morning, the man was astonished when the opened the front door. (81) In the doorway lay at least twelve umbrellas of all sizes and colors that had been thrown in, and his own was among the number. Many of them had notes fastened to them saying that they hand been taken by mistake, and begging the loser not to say anything about the matter. 41. The man once thought advertising was _______.

A. of little use B. of some use C. practical D. valuable

42. The result of the first advertisement was that______.

A. the man got his umbrella back

B. the man wasted some money advertising C. nobody found the missing umbrella

D. the umbrella was found somewhere near the church 43. The merchant suggested that the man should_______.

A. buy a new umbrella B. go on looking for his umbrella C. write another better advertisement. D. report to the police

44. Why did the merchant say ―I often advertise and find that it pays me well‖?

A. He knew how to advertise B. He had more money for advertising C. He found it easy to advertise.

D. He had a friend in the newspaper where he advertised. 45. This is a story about _________.

A. a useless advertisement

B. how to make an effective advertisement C. how the man lost and found his umbrella D. what the merchant did for the umbrella owner Questions 46 to 50 based on the following passage:

Passage Two

The great advance in rocker theory 40 years ago shows that liquid-fuel rockets were far superior in every respect to the skyrocket with its weak solid fuel. However, during the decade, large solid-fuel rockets with solid fuels about as powerful as liquid fuels have made their appearance, and it is a favorite layman’s question to


inquire which one is ―better‖. The question is meaningless. One might as well ask whether a gasoline or a diesel engine is ―better‖. It all depends on the purpose, a liquid-fuel rocket is complicated, but has the advantage that it can be controlled beautifully. The burning of the rocket engine can be stopped completely: it can be reignited when desired. In addition, the thrust can be made to vary by adjusting the speed of the fuel pumps. A solid-fuel rocket, on the other hand, is rather simple in construction, though hard to build when a really at very short notice. A liquid-fuel rocket has to be fueled first and cannot be held in readiness for very long after it has been fueled. (82)However, once a solid-fuel rocket has been ignited, it will keep burning. It cannot be stopped and reignited whenever desired and its thrust cannot be varied. Because a solid-fuel rocket can be kept ready for a long time, most military employ solid fuels, but manned space-flight needs the fine adjustments that can only be provided by liquid fuels. It may be added that a liquid-fuel rocket is an expensive device; a large solid-fuel rocket is, by comparison, cheap. But the solid fuel, pound per pound, costs about 10 times as much as the liquid fuel. So you have, on the one hand, an expensive rocket with a cheap fuel and on the other hand a comparatively cheap rocket with an expensive fuel.

46. The author feels that a comparison of liquid-fuel and solid-fuel rockets shows that _______. A. neither type is very economical B. the liquid-fuel rocket is best C. each type has certain advantages D. the solid-fuel rocket is best.

47. The most important consideration for manned space flight is that the rocket be_____.

A. inexpensive to construct B. capable of lifting heavy space shift into orbit C. easily controlled D. inexpensive to operate 48. Solid-fuel rockets are expensive to operate because of their_______.

A. size B. fuel C. construction D. complicated engines

49. Which of the following statements is not characteristic of liquid-fuel rockets?

A. the fuel is cheap B. they are cheap to build.

C. they can be stopped and reignited. D. they must be used soon after fueling. 50. The author tells us that_______.

A. whether a liquid-fuel or a solid-fuel rocket is better depends on the purpose B. neither type is superior

C. forty years ago, large solid-fuel rockets with solid-fuel as powerful as liquid fuels were made D. the thrust can be made to vary by adjusting the direction of the pump Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:

Passage Three

As a medium of exchange, money permits the separation of exchange into the two distinct acts of buying and selling. Hence producers who know they will be paid in money, can concentrate on finding the most suitable outlet for their goods, while buyers who will pay in money, can concentrate on finding the cheapest market for the wings they wish to purchase. (83) Specialization is encouraged, because people whose output is not a complete product but only a part of one can be paid an amount equivalent to their share of the product. Another advantage of money is that it is a measure of value. In a barter economy it would be necessary to determine how many plates were worth one hundred weight of cotton, or how many pens should be exchanged for a ton of coal. (84) The process of establishing relative values would have to be undertaken for every act of exchange, according to what products were being offered against one another, and according to the two parties’ desires and preferences. Thirdly, money acts as store of wealth. It is difficult to imagine saving under a barter system. No one engaged on only one stage in the manufacture of a product could save part of his output, since he would be producing nothing complete. Most products deteriorate fairly rapidly, either physically or in value, as a result of long storage; even if storage were possible, the practice of storing products for years on end would involve


obvious disadvantages. If wealth could not be saved, or only with great difficulty, future needs could not be provided.

51. Using money as a medium of exchange means that_____.

A. you have to sell something in order to buy something B. you have to buy something in order to sell something C. you don’t have to buy something in order to sell something D. the seller and the purchaser are the same person 52. Specialization is encouraged because_______.

A. people can use their money to buy whatever they want B. people get paid according to their share of the product. C. people pay great attention to the manufacture of a product D. people cannot use their money to buy whatever they want 53. A barter economy is one in which _______.

A. value is decided by weight B. value is decided by number

C. money is used and goods are not exchanged D. goods are exchanged and money is not used

54. If one had to save products instead of money, __________.

A. this would need years of practice B. coal, for example, would lose its value C. they could not be stored for years on end D. many products would lose their value 55. How many advantages of money are mentioned in this passage? A. Two B. Three C. Four D. Five Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:

Passage Four

There are two common explanations for origin of tipping. The Oxford English Dictionary says tip was seventeenth-century underworld slang for ―give‖———as in ―Tip me your money or your life.‖ (85)Opponents of tipping will probably prefer this explanation, since it suggests the practice as originally a form of robbery. A less reputable, but nonetheless charming explanation is that in Renaissance(文艺复兴) coffeehouses, boxes were set near the door, into which customers could drop money: These boxes, according to the story, bore the legend ―To Insure Promptitude,‖ which was ultimately shortened to TIP. Whether it was a serving woman or a boss with his or her eye on depressing wages who first thought up the idea, the story does not say.

Tipping became common in England by the middle of the eighteenth century. Because it is ill-suited to a country without an established servant class, it did not catch on in America until after the Civil War, when former slaveholders suddenly found themselves having to pay the help and when new-rich industrialists adopted the European fashion. By the turn of the century, we had made the custom our own, and the American ―big tipper‖ was on his way.

Today, although the lines between bribery(贿赂) and thanks for services remain as vague as ever, tipping has become universal, not least because, in an increasingly uncertain economy, it provides the growing service class with income that is at least as reliable as wages and that is less subject to tax review. Not surprisingly, government officials as among the few die-hards who still question the tipping system. They have a point too. Tippers’ International Association estimates that U.S. workers get about $5 billion a year in tips. 56. In the seventeenth century, tip was probably a word used by_____.

A. lawbreakers B. customers C. waitresses D. coffeehouse bosses 57. Tipping did not become popular in U.S. until after the Civil War because______.

A. the country was free of a servant class